Globalization and digitization are compelling companies to reconsider fundamental business assumptions. These two intertwined strategic forces translate into competition that is increasingly knowledge-based. Knowledge is now becoming a major driving force for organizational change and wealth creation. Effective knowledge management is considered an increasingly important source of competitive advantage, and a key to the success of contemporary organizations. As a result, companies are now showing a tremendous interest in implementing knowledge management processes and supporting technologies. This paper provides a review of the information methodologies used in support of knowledge management.